BOTH
1) SS.912.A.6.1: Examine causes, course, and consequences of World War II on the United States and the world.

__http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1661.html__
__http://www.2worldwar2.com/causes-of-world-war-2.htm__
__http://www.world-war-2.info/facts/__
__http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II__
__http://www.threeworldwars.com/world-war-2/ww2.htm__

Causes:


Globally, the three root causes of World War II were The Prussian Militarism, Adolf Hitler, and Appeasement. The Prussian Militarism was the force that ran Germany and made it powerful. It was developed in 200 years of history and it was the way that Adolf Hitler became so powerful, because he took control of it. With this militarism under Hitler’s control, he started the worst war in history as part of his plan to expand Germany and take control of the whole world. Because Britain and France had a desire to avoid violence all together, they decided to not stop Hitler when Germany was weak. By the time that they decided that they needed to take action to stop him, it was too late, he had already rebuilt Germany’s military and no one could contain what he had begun.

In the United States, President Roosevelt was determined to keep the country in “neutral” with its involvement in the war. But as the war continued in Europe, America’s leaders had a desire to become involved. In August, 1940, an opportunity presented itself to put the U.S. into the war when they broke the Japanese “purple” war-time code.


Course:


The war began on September 1, 1939 when Germany invaded Poland. The War was declared on Germany by Britain and France two days later. Following the invasion of Poland, Finland rejected territorial demands which resulted in the Soviet Union invading Finland in November 1939. In the western part of Europe, British troops deployed to the Continent, but neither sides launched any large operations until April 1940 when Germany invaded Denmark and Norway. Then the Axis powers began to advance. Germany invaded France, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg on May 10, 1940. The Holocaust was an awful event for Jewish people because of Adolf Hitler. This was a genocide of more then six millions Jews in World War II. Over 66% of Jews lived in Germany before the holocaust. Concentration Camps were put into effect and used as slave labor. Most Jews dies of hunger, exhaustion, and disease. Hitler hated the Jewish Race and wanted to make them suffer. He performed these awful acts and made them miserable and put them through torture.

Consequences:

The consequences of WWII were absolutely dreadful with millions of lives lost. Germany’s consequences were harsh as the country was split into four different parts which were monitored and ran by the allied powers. The United Nations, World bank, World Trade Organizations, and nuclear weapons were created in this time period. The Treaty of Versailles brought the “Great War” to an end. The “Big Three” came up with the terms to end the war. They wanted Germany to suffer, because they had started the war. Germany had to give up land, reduce their army and had to pay for everything that was damaged or destroyed. This treaty left Germany very poor and very upset that they were suffering. The United States and Soviet Union became known as the most powerful or “superpowers.” Europe’s economy crashed, and its towns and buildings were absolutely destroyed during the War. Most people lost their homes and did not have a place to live. The League of Nations was run down during the war, so the United Nations were formed to help countries in need. A main consequence for the United States was that the Soviets hated America even more. As a result of WWII the U.S. and Soviet Union had a war for power called the Cold War.

HUNTER
2) SS.912.A.6.2: Describe the United States response in the early years of World War II (Neutrality Acts, Cash and Carry, Lend Lease Act).

__http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1600.html__
__http://library.thinkquest.org/15511/data/encyclopedia/neutralityacts.htm__
__http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cash_and_carry_(World_War_I__I__)__

January 21st, 2011


Neutrality Acts -
In 1935, the United States Congress created a series of acts called The Neutrality Acts. They were aimed to help keep the United States out of another war. The acts contained provisions that limited arms sales to nations that were not at war, they put the United States in control to keep citizens from traveling to nations and on ships that were engaged in the war, they blocked loans to belligerent nations and nations that were not repaying earlier debts, and forbade U.S. shipping to carry any arms to belligerents. These acts released the United States from any responsibility for actions that could possibly provoke any such situation, and it also released the United States from any obligations of war in certain situations.

Cash and Carry Policy -
On September 21st, 1939 the cash and carry policy was requested by President Roosevelt at the United States Congress. It was during the time that the war was spreading through Europe and it replaced the Neutrality Acts. This revision allowed the sale of certain materials to belligerents. This policy worked as long as the recipients arranged for the transport using their own ships and paid immediately in cash, assuming all risk in transportation.

Lend-Lease Act -
Early on in the war, the United States came up with a plan to help the nations that were fighting against the Axis powers. This plan became known as the Lend-Lease Act. It was passed by congress on March 11th, 1941. The Lend-Lease Act stated that the president was able to ship food, equipment, or weapons to any country whose struggle against the Axis helped U.S. defense.

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HUNTER
3) SS.912.A.6.3: Analyze the impact of the Holocaust during World War II on Jews as well as other groups.

__http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005143__
__http://www.angelfire.com/wy/wwi/holocaust.html__
__http://library.thinkquest.org/12663/__
__http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II__

January 24, 2011 -

The Holocaust was a systematic, state-sponsored, bureaucratic slaughter of 6 million Jews and five million others. It was led by the Nazi regime and its collaborators who came to power in 1933. The Nazis believed that the Germans were “racially superior” to Jews and that the Jews were a serious threat to the “pure” German community. The “Final Solution” was the Nazi policy used to murder the Jews of Europe.


Not only were the Jews targeted, but so were other groups that were deemed by the Nazis as “racially inferior.” Among the other groups that were persecuted were Communists, Socialists, Jehovah’s witnesses, and homosexuals. Besides these core groups, other victims also included gypsies and physically or mentally disabled patients that were living in institutional settings, and most of them were Germans.

In 1933, the Jewish population exceeded nine million people. Most of the European Jews occupied countries that Nazi Germany would have control or influence over during World War II. The Nazi regime started with concentration camps used to detain their opponents but soon they created ghettos, forced-labor camps, and transit camps. From these camps, they would then move Jews and others to their killing units where they would proceed to kill nearly two out of three European Jews and 11 million people in total.


HUNTER
4) SS.912.A.6.4: Examine efforts to expand or contract rights for various populations during World War II.

__http://www.academicamerican.com/postww2/topics/domestic.html__
__http://www.history.army.mil/documents/wwii/minst.htm__
__http://www.teacheroz.com/WWIIHomefront.htm__
__http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/aframerwar/index.html__

January 28, 2011 -

Minority groups were large during World War II. African-Americans were a large part of the minority groups because they provided the United States with manpower for the armed forces during the war. There were one million African-American inductions during the war. Other minority groups that were inducted include Chinese, Hawaiians, Japanese, American Indians, Filipinos and Puerto Ricans.

Over 2.5 million African-Americans registered for the draft. While serving, African-Americans met many challenges because of their color and experienced discrimination and segregation. But they worked through these issues and in the end, African-Americans became extremely important figures for the U.S. during World War II.

Women were also heavily involved with the war, but more on the home front. Women that were at home were given the task to accommodate rationing and shortages of domestic resources. In the U.S., women were encouraged to organize propaganda campaigns to practice frugality to help save resources through sacrificing.


HUNTER
5) SS.912.A.6.5: Explain the impact of World War II on domestic government policy.

__http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II__
__http://www.academicamerican.com/postww2/topics/domestic.html__
__http://www.unc.edu/depts/diplomat/item/2005/0709/stat/staten_reality.html__
__http://millercenter.org/president/truman/essays/biography/4__

January 28, 2011 -
President Truman came to office towards the end of World War II. He was in charge of overseeing the defeats of Germany and Japan, being in charge of post-war international relations with the United States, managing the U.S. in its transition from war-time to peace-time footing, and keeping the Democratic Party together.

President Truman’s domestic policies were not nearly as successful as his foreign policies. Truman had to put up with 3 main issues: administration of the modern American presidency, a legislative program called the Fair Deal, and Republican accusations of internal subversion and corruption.

With the war coming to an end, President Truman had to first organize the white house and its staff. He replaced many officials with men that he had chosen on his own. Unfortunately though, these men did not contribute much to his presidency. The president’s staff were very powerful in policy making. During Truman’s reign as president, the President’s staff grew much in size.

President Truman was the first president in two decades to not lead a country that was involved with economic depression and a world war. Truman now had to rebuild the country to its full potential following the war. With the end of the war, it was President Truman’s job to bring back the nation’s financial system to a consumer production and define the governments role in the economy for the future.

In September of 1945, President Truman presented to Congress a message that would help with the post-war political and economic agenda. This would maintain and build upon The New Deal. This new program that he had created went no where though. Even though he had won passage of the Employment Act of 1946, his program would not have any substance. Reconversion came to a stand still, and President Truman was to blame. A year after he presented his message to congress, President Truman’s popularity as president had decreased exponentially.

Once Truman regained his popularity through his success with Republicans in Congress, Truman launched his new agenda knows as the “Fair Deal.” It was a collection of policies and programs that were heavily endorsed and wanted from the Democratic Party and liberals. This new agenda would provide economic controls, repeal of Taft-Harley, an increase in minimum wage, expansion of the Social Security program, housing bills, national health insurance, new development projects modeled on New Deal’s Tennessee Valley Authority, more liberal immigration laws, and new civil rights legislation for African-Americans. After going strong with the Fair Deal, all excitement over it was lost once the 1950 struck and the focus changed onto the Korean War.

During the Korean War, economic growth began to become a focus. The United States began to work towards keeping a balanced and successful government and also focused on rebuilding the economy to the best of its potential. The United States seemed to be moving in the right direction towards becoming the best country it could be once again.



HUNTER
6) SS.912.A.6.6: Analyze the use of atomic weapons during World War II and the aftermath of the bombings.

__http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II__
__http://docs.google.com/a/oh-institute.org/Doc?docid=0AZg4eyeb3h1mZGc2Y2Y0ODlfMTNmMzhzYzhmdw&hl=en__
__http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Manhattan_Project__
__http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Usa/Med/Med.html__
__http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atomic_bombings_of_Hiroshima_and_Nagasaki__

January 24, 2011 -

The use of atomic weapons originated with the Manhattan Project in New York. The Manhattan Project lasted from 1939 to 1945 and was committed to expediting research that would create an atomic bomb. This project started because the United States wanted to end their war with Japan and using atomic weapons seemed to be the best way possible. There were many scientists involved in this project and after many years of testing and research, the Manhattan Project fulfilled its purpose; to produce an atomic bomb.

After dropping a test bomb on New Mexico in 1945, President Truman made the decision to drop Little Boy on Hiroshima. Little Boy was a 9,700 pound uranium bomb. It was dropped by a B-29 bomber named Enola Gay on August 6th, 1945. Shortly after, on August 9th, 1945 Charles Sweeney bombed Nagasaki.

The after effects of both atomic bombs began between August 6 - 10 1945. The bomb that was dropped on Hiroshma killed 66,000 and Nagasaki’s bomb killed 39,000 people. When atomic bomb drops, large amounts of electromagnetic radiation and blast waves occur only moments after. Radiation sickness begins to take affect only a few days later and can give victims short and long term health problems. Electromagnetic radiation causes burn and eye injuries and long term consequences such as developing cancer, serious eye damage, and many died at an early age.




HUNTER
7) SS.912.A.6.7: Describe the attempts to promote international justice through the Nuremberg Trials.

__http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuremberg_Trials__
__http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/nuremberg/nuremberg.htm__
__http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1685.html__
__http://lib.law.washington.edu/ref/nuremberg.html__

January 28, 2011 -

The Nuremberg Trials were two sets of trials that the Allied countries during World War II had which tried the top Nazi political and business leaders. These trials were held at the Nuremberg Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany. The International Military Tribunal tried twenty-one of the highest ranking Nazi officials. The most famous trial began on November 20, 1945. This trial tried the most important Nazi leaders. The second set of trials, run by the U.S. Nuremberg Military Tribunals tried the lesser war criminals over the course of twelve trials.

external image yi6XYJluMycxqMWfDK-6ME82Wvg-keM4dmYHuUuqXqJyI77QfXTtinsRpcEYYS7caiJElf5g3c4a6R9k5mAH3WdLw-X64zfzanlrcy-1RlHmXTL60w
__http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/images/nuremberg_defendants.jpg__

Throughout the course of World War II, the Allies met to discuss the treatment of Nazi leaders once the war had ended. Once the war was coming to an end, President Roosevelt asked the War Department to come up with a plan for how to bring these criminals to justice. Many approaches were discussed such as shooting prominent Nazi leaders and banish others, and even having a fair trial for them in court. In April 1945, the Supreme Court Justice Robert Jackson was appointed as head prosecutor for the United States at a war-crimes trial that would be held in Europe once the war ended.

external image zk4-vHyyuPYIIhC2s6oOTuXr7v54IYfoMwMFOR6BMAwAnLp6Aj-QWNeMv7QqNolKYO7ROuMIPRgvqTbp9qw_648aYq9oqAZyjw3aMEKv4Jjdh516UQ
__http://www.infobarrel.com/media/image/32470.jpg__

The International Military Tribunal was headed by four of the main Allied countries: the United States, Great Britain, Russia, and France. These countries decided that a judge and one alternate judge would be appointed from each prosecuting country. Many Nazi leaders were brought to justice through these trials, but some still escaped trial and punishment by killing themselves prior to the trials. On April 30, 1945, Hitler shot himself right before the Soviet Troops came to take him away. Other prominent leaders also took their own lives through different forms. There were four counts that these leaders were being tried for: conspiracy to wage aggressive war, waging an aggressive war, war crimes, and crimes against humanity. During the trials, lawyers for each defendant presented their evidence and tried to shine some light on what had taken place.

On October 1, 1946, the defendants entered the court room to hear their sentences. 18 defendants were convicted and three were found not guilty. Eleven leaders were sentenced to death by hanging. Three were acquitted and the rest were given prison sentences anywhere from ten years to life. Ten men were hanged on November 1946, one of them committed suicide shortly before he was scheduled to be executed. This would not fix the horrors that had taken place in Nazi Germany during World War II, but it did help to bring some justice to the world.

HUNTER
8) SS.912.A.6.8: Analyze the effects of the Red Scare on domestic United States policy.

__http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Red_Scare__
__http://www.suite101.com/content/the-second-red-scare-a223587__
__http://iws.collin.edu/kwilkison/Online1302home/20th%20Century/redscare.html__
__http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/database/article_display.cfm?HHID=495__

January 28, 2011 -

Shortly after World War II ended, the Second Red Scare began to take affect in the United States. The nation feared communism, so innocent bystanders were sent to jail for expressing their beliefs, civil liberties were ignored, and many Americans had a fear of a Bolshevik-style revolution beginning.

external image xCRyOzhfSAMojhQa_LSTPws5cA2lt5LWAqIOe335ZHfO9Erhu2oV-NrJX658LY-dmL48It1ToOHU2jkI2qy7xsgTdxkBa_WMJOfAsyWFuZGiEXf_EQ
__http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/SaccoV/statue.JPG__

Republicans tried everything to discredit the Roosevelt and Truman administrations. People that were against the New Deal would never try to distinguish enough between the liberals and communists and used anti-communism as a way to attack labor unions and liberal social programs. Investigations began to take place in the United States to determine if anyone was a communist. People began to fear that our country would become a communist country. Thus beginning the second Red Scare. This affected domestic United States policies because the Republican Party was trying to stop these policies from passing by scaring United States citizens into believing that communism existed in the country.



NATHAN

9) SS.912.A.6.9: Describe the rationale for the formation of the United Nations, including the contribution of Mary McLeod Bethune.
A) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mary_McLeod_Bethune
B) http://www.africawithin.com/bios/mary_bethune.htm
C)
__http://www.un.org/aboutun/unhistory/__

January 21- 2011

Mary McLeod Bethune was a civil rights leader and created an African-American girls school in Florida that later became boys and girls. Mary’s parents were slaves and she worked as a slave at 5 years old. She helped Franklin D. Roosevelt during his election and was inducted in the Black Cabinet. The United Nations was created during WWII. It was created because 26 different nations vowed they would fight together. It replaced the League of Nations because many countries wanted to prohibit war against each other. 192 states are currently members of the UN.



NATHAN

10) SS.912.A.6.10: Examine causes, course, and consequences of the early years of the Cold War (Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, NATO, Warsaw Pact).
A) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cold_War
B) http://www.funfront.net/hist/europe/coldwar.htm
C)
__http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warsaw_Pact__

January 21- 2011
CAUSES:

The United States and Soviet Union had many economic and political differences and they started to show just before WWII. The U.S. government is elected freely. The States also have freedom of speech and can voice their opinions. The Soviet Union is Communist and people do not have any say and if you did speak freely, you were punished. The Soviets also wanted to stay private because they felt if they needed help, other nations would think they were weak and could be over powered. The United States thought other wise and wanted to strengthen free trading over the world and promote free speech. Then after WWII both nations had much power but the Soviets wanted to over power the United States to take over. These are the cause of the Cold War.

COURSE:

There was never any fighting with guns or canons in the Cold War; it was mostly with words and actions they fought. It was all a grudge match and the countries wanted to be better than other at everything. The Warsaw Pact was issued from 1955-1991 and was made for defense by communist states in Europe. The Truman Doctrine was policy made in the U.S. that says they will support Turkey and Greece in economical and military assistance. Truman stated "the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures." (Wikipedia)


NATHAN

11) SS.912.A.6.11: Examine the controversy surrounding the proliferation of nuclear technology in the United States and the world.
A) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_proliferation
B) http://nobelprize.org/educational/peace/nuclear_weapons/readmore.html
C)
__http://www.ccnr.org/nuclear_primer.html__
Nuclear proliferation is the rapid spread of nuclear weapons to nations who are not known to deal with nuclear weapons. There is a fear that with all the spreading countries will get to wrapped up in them and could create a worldwide nuclear war. The first bomb was made from uranium and plutonium in 1945. These first bombs were dropped in Japan's Hiroshima. A treaty was created to delay the spread of nuclear material called the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. There are 189 states party to the Nuclear Treaty. India, Pakistan, and North Korea have showed the world they possess nuclear weapons.external image D--GCgfELTqMl5SLN-cP9jJq8yIgNwwDZXwkvNMnuVGuzgO-x3x5Lc8QBKclGYqNGna45PJAISBWHxIPnEQdt3HEB1dsczGQn1BDnGQZr8oaOTUZQA
NATHAN
12) SS.912.A.6.12: Examine causes, course, and consequences of the Korean War.
A) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_War
B) http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/events/kowar/kowar.htm
C)
__http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/korea.htm__
January 26- 2011
The Korean War was fought between the republic of Korea. One of the reasons the war started was because North Korea and South Korea had many different views on politics and army. North Korea wanted to switch South Korea to communism and have the army as the main focus. The war began in 1950 and it officially ended in 1953. The United Nations and the People’s Republic of China supported the War. The War started when North Korean army (Communist) crossed over into South Korea’s territory. This war was not fair at all; North Korea was much more equipped, skilled, and had many more people fighting. North Korea destroyed the capital in no time. Right after the united nations found out about the invasion they knew they needed to help. 16 nations sent in troops to help rebuild South Korea and move the North Koreans’ army out. 850,000 army men were killed in this war. North Korea is still a serious threat to South Korea and Japan because of how much focus is on military and their nuclear weapons.


NATHAN
13) SS.912.A.6.13: Analyze significant foreign policy events during the Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon administrations.

A) http://www.indyflicks.com/danielle/papers/paper04.htm
B) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_F._Kennedy
C)
__http://www.helium.com/items/439912-policy-successes-and-failures-of-johnson-and-nixon__
Both Truman and Eisenhower had different economic believes and priorities. Truman was focused on lowering taxes and keeping the governments spending to very little. Truman put troops in Europe and Asia because he was nervous of the countries trying to obtain all power and take over. This helped each country with peace and stability. Eisenhower was more conservative than Truman and had very strict and tight control over what the government did. He did not like to buy from other countries, he liked to trade with them. Kennedy’s foreign policies were always American-Soviet confrontation. The Soviet’s and Kennedy did not get along with each and soon went to war. The war was called the Cold War because there was not actual fighting but just words. The Soviet’s thought they could have more power than any other country so they started to invade others. President Kennedy was not going to tolerate this and took action. Johnson sent a big number of American troops to Vietnam during the Vietnam War. This philosophy did not work because 35,000 American soldiers died and his efforts did not succeed. Johnson made it possible in the Civil Rights Act that whites and blacks can work together in jobs. He also put in many efforts to help decrease poverty. A major reason Nixon became President was because he promised to remove troops from Vietnam. Nixon also was the first president to negotiate with China’s communist government. Nixon did not spend much of his presidency on domestic policy because he thought Americans could fix their own problems. Johnson and Nixon were the complete opposite in how they approached domestic and foreign policy.


NATHAN
14) SS.912.A.6.14: Analyze causes, course, and consequences of the Vietnam War.

A) http://www.vietnampix.com/intro.htm
B) http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/modules/vietnam/index.cfm
C)
__http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/vietnam/anderson.htm__
The main cause of the Vietnam war was the communist government spread. The United States came into the war because they were afraid communism would spread around the world. President Truman said that the U.S. would help and fight for and country that did not believe in communism. The French had ruled Vietnam for a short period of time and when they did it was very hard on the people of Vietnam. Vietnamese people did not have a sufficient amount of food, they would be put in jail if they tried to leave a job, and their taxes were very high. The war started on November 1 1955 where Saigon, Vietnam was destroyed. Northern Vietnam believed and communist and fought for communism but Southern Vietnam fought to stop communist rule. Many American soldiers were captured and killed and the U.S. did not accomplish their goal of stopping communism. As a consequence to the War, America had 350,000 casualties and Vietnam had one to two million deaths.
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NATHAN
15) SS.912.A.6.15: Examine key events and peoples in Florida history as they relate to United States history.

A) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacqueline_Cochran
B) http://womenshistory.about.com/od/cabinet/p/janet_reno.htm
C)
__http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neville_Chamberlain__
Janet Reno was the first Women attorney General. She was also the female attorney for he State of Florida. She was born in raised in Florida and moved away by Cornell University to study chemistry. Then she went to Harvard Law School and was 1 of only 16 females in a class of 500 people. She was given a hard time throughout her life because she was a women trying to become apart of the government. In 1995 Janet was diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease.

Arthur Neville Chamberlain was also a key person in World War two even though he was not from Florida. Arthur was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during World War 2. Adolf Hitler came in hard to Poland to take over the land but Chamberlain was not going to allow this to happen. Chamberlain decided to go to War with Germany took Germany through the first eight months of World War 2. After his allies retreated back to Norway Chamberlain resigned as Prime Minister and leader of Britain’s War with Germany. Six months after he resigned, Chamberlain died of cancer.